This information is for those wanting to reproduce material published by The Post Hole. If you are an author, or thinking of writing for us, please see our contributor information for copyright terms pertaining to submissions.

The Post Hole's copyright guidelines aim to ensure fair treatment and attribution for our authors and to prevent their work being taken out of context or abused. Ordinarily we are happy to grant permission to re-use our published material without the need for prior approval for most academic and non-commercial purposes, provided that the guidelines below are followed. If you have any questions regarding copyright issues, please contact us at

When do I not need permission?

The reproduction of content from The Post Hole for academic and non-commercial purposes is acceptable in most circumstances, aside from those listed under 'When can I not reproduce at all'. The journal, issue details and author must be fully referenced when reproducing content, and applied to all text, data, image and other multimedia content.

Examples of permissible reuse in the circumstances:

  • If you wish to reproduce single figures or snippets of a paper as part of a review, literature review or written response forming part of published or unpublished.
  • Reproduction in part as part of a fully referenced academic publication.
  • Any situation covered by "fair use" or similar where the terms listed under 'When do I need permission' (below) cannot legally apply.

When do I need permission

The Post Hole reserves the right to authorise any non-academic reproduction/re-use of published material from this website and all associated materials for commercial purposes. Written permission is required to obtain authorisation: please contact us at Authorisation does not normally carry any charges or fees, but exceptional circumstances may require these.

The following conditions must ordinarily be met for non-academic re-use of material to be considered acceptable:

  • You may not reproduce any content published by The Post Hole without obtaining prior written permission. When such permission is granted you may only use the content in accordance with these guidelines. You may request permission to reproduce either a whole article or part of an article, but this distinction does not in any way influence the applicability of these terms.
  • The original author(s) of any material must be given full credit for their work on the same page as the reproduction either begins or ends (for print publication), and at any URL where content from The Post Hole is reproduced (for online publication). It must be made clear which content the citation made refers to.
  • Without explicit prior written consent from the original author(s) and The Post Hole, you may make absolutely no changes to the substantive content of the material other than harmonising layout and style with your own publication.
  • When reproducing content online, you must provide a hyperlink to the static URL at The Post Hole website of any article(s) which are reproduced in whole or in part. A citation URL is visible on each article page - it looks like[number]. When reproducing in print, you must include the static URL along with the citation information.
  • Permission to reproduce content may be withdrawn at any time if you are found to be in breach of these terms as they were at the point in time when permission was granted, otherwise permission is granted in perpetuity.

When can I not reproduce at all

Permission will not be granted, and none of the exemptions listed above may apply, in cases where material published by The Post Hole is to reproduced alongside or in context with any of the following material:

  • Material illegal under English law
  • Unduly offensive, defamatory or slanderous material or material promoting intolerance towards any individual or group of individuals including but not limited to social, racial, religious discrimination. This clause does not apply where such material is present for the purposes of analysis and does not represent the views or agenda of those publishing it and where this is explicitly and clearly stated.